Friday, May 22, 2020

Life Is Precious - 1350 Words

Life Is Precious It has been argued that it should be made legal for patients to have doctor-assisted suicide, or mercy-killing, which is the term used to describe ending life through the voluntary self-administration of lethal medication, expressly prescribed by a physician for that purpose (DHS-Internet). By approximately a two-to-one ratio, most adults in the US agree that it should be this way. When read a brief description of the Oregon proposition, allowing physician-assisted suicide for patients who are thought to have less than six months to live, a 61% to 34% majority said that they would favor such a law in their state(Harris # 2). However, I myself feel, that it shouldnt be approved for several reasons: this matter does†¦show more content†¦However, in reviewing the lives of people whose suicides have been publicly linked to Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a pathologist who has been behind bars since 1999, serving 10 to 25 years for second-degree murder, at least 60% of the 47 suicide patie nts were not terminal. At least 17 of them could have lived in definitively and 13 had no complaint of pain and in at least five of those cases, the people who died had histories of severe depression (Freep Ââ€" internet). Dr. Kevorkian argues that every assisted-suicide candidate underwent extensive counseling with himself before hand, but it was found that counseling was often limited to phone calls and brief meetings that included family members and friends (Free press- internet). There should be some requirements for the process of doctor-assisted suicide, for instance, every candidate for assisted suicide must be examined by a psychiatrist. But it was found that there was no psychiatric exam in at least 19 Kevorkian cases, including several in which friends or family reported that the patient was despondent over matters other than health (Free Press Ââ€" Internet). In addition, he adds that before agreeing to assist a suicide he used to make a detailed review of each patients medical records, but it was found that Kevorkians access to such records varied widely; in some instances, he received only a brief summary of the attending physicians prognosisShow MoreRelatedLife Is A Precious Thing Essay1165 Words   |  5 PagesLife is a precious thing. For some, bringing life into this world is a calling, a deeply felt desire to have a child. Unfortunately, pregnancy can come with its own complications. When pregnancy begins to infringe on a women’s well-being, spiritually or physically, and there are perceived risks to the baby, bringing that life into the world brings more questions than answers. It no longer is a debate between the rights of the women and the rights of the fetus but brings deeper ethical issues intoRead MoreThe Journey Of Life Is Precious1127 Words   |  5 Pagesright, once is enough.† ― Mae West. Life is precious. Everyone values their own life and does everything they can to preserve it. The body itself does everyth ing it physically can to continue living. Even animals know since birth, they must do what they can to survive. Be it working together or working alone, they preserve their lives to the best of their abilities. We, as humans, are intelligent creatures and realize there is more to life than mere survival. Life is about our love, friends, familyRead MoreLife Is Precious And A Privilege906 Words   |  4 PagesLife is precious and a privilege that is given to man. It is a complex biological process in which people grow, breath, and most importantly live. This world has turned into a place where people have influence and control of others life in a negative way. Violence and injustice have diminished the essence of living. A person’s life no matter who and what they have done cannot be belittled. Governments and courts have obtained the power to decide the fate of one’s life and this advantage has becomeRead MoreHow Fragile And Precious Life Is2190 Words   |  9 Pages How fragile and precious life is. Even though I was not a Christian back then, I was going to always be mindful that each day is a gift from God that can be lost at any moment. But the reason I could not just thank for what I was given was because of the much vicious fact that the one who tried to kill me and my loved ones was my own biological father. The very first, and fatal betrayal of my life came from my own biological father who is supposed to be a model of what aRead MoreWhat Makes Life So Precious?882 Words   |  4 Pages What makes life so precious? Is it the fact that our decisions determine whether we change in one day? We are born in a day, we die in a day, and can fall in love in a day. But we forget the life we take for granted the most, Earth. In the Visual argument, a lung-shaped forest is depicted with a dying right lung. Deforestation is slowly eating at Earth and causing oxygen levels to plummet. In the image, the creator shows our environment s struggle to produce oxygen due to mankind’s greed, deforestationRead MoreLife Is A Precious Gift From God1633 Words   |  7 Pages â€Å"The truth that life is a precious gift from God has profound implications for the question of stewardship over human life. We are not the owners of our lives and, hence, do not have absolute power over life. We have a duty to preserve our life and to use it for the glory of God, but the duty to preserve life is not absolute†¦.† (2009, p. 29). They believe it is appropriate when caring for th e dying to provide proper pain management and refusal of procedures that prolong life should be allowedRead MoreAnimals Have Lost Precious Life Essay2250 Words   |  9 PagesMany innocent animals have lost their precious life, due to hazardous changes done towards their habitats which puts their lives in danger. Unfortunately for many of us, we might have never gotten to see the beautiful creatures that have once roamed the Earth before us, this is mainly due to climate change destroying their houses. Additionally, throughout the years, more and more animals have been added to the endanger species list at an alarming rate. Based on the information provided by BiologicalRead MoreLife Is A Precious Gift From God2153 Words   |  9 PagesLife is a precious gift from God. We should take care of it, embrace and cherish it. In order to fully enjoy it, people seek ways to protect their health. Health is also considered the best wealth. This is a clichà © that we repeatedly hear over the years but do we realize that there’s a truth behind these words? As defined by the World Health Organization, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is freedom from diseaseRead MoreLife Is A Precious Thing, Death Is The Great Evil898 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Life is a precious thing, death is the great evil†, said by Heinrich Heine who is a famous poet. So we can know that life is the most important t hing for every single life entity. There are a lot of words that can modify life, such as important, precious, formidable and so on. The reason why there are so many good vocabulary can modify life is nobody want to lose their own life. It is clear that not only human, but also animals cherish their own life. According to the utterance which Heine saidRead MoreHow Precious And Valuable Life Actually By J. Peter Meinke933 Words   |  4 PagesTo the Fullest At some point in every person’s life, they realize death is inevitable and cannot be avoided. It is what the person does between the beginning and end of their life that truly matters. Each person has to decide for themselves whether they are living to die, or dying to live. In the poem â€Å"Advice to My Son† by J. Peter Meinke, Meinke portrays a theme throughout that expresses how precious and valuable life actually is. Through Meinke’s use of tone, visual imagery, and literary devices

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Essay on Interracial Communication Theory Into Practice

When reading the book Interracial Communication Theory into Practice I, found that Stand point theory is based around one’s perceptions of the world being, largely influenced by social group membership. Our life experiences are shaped by interaction with other cultures and social groups such a race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and so on (Orbe, Harris 12). The two author’s research exemplifies that your experience with any race or culture effects how you view them. Another idea related to stand point theories is that social location shape people lives (12). â€Å"In simple terms, this concept helps people understand that a person’s racial/ethnic identity influences how that person experiences, perceives, and comes to understand the world†¦show more content†¦I came from one area, but I was able to interact and get to know people of other cultures and races personally. I didn’t have to rely on textbooks and ridiculous TV shows, and movies or ra cist and uneducated family members. My great grandparents were from the south and were born during slavery. My great grandmother lived to be 103 years old and I had the great opportunity to sit down and speak with her. My big momma watched as her parents were beaten and she herself picked cotton but she didn’t have hatred in her heart against the white man. My grandparents were born during segregation and they don’t have hatred towards white people either. I don’t come from racist or prejudice people and they have always wanted me to meet people different than me; this has affected my view on race. I went to school with people who were foreign exchange students, Arabic, Chinese, Hispanic, Indian, Polynesian, Russian, Greek and many more. I made friends with people and seen how their cultures are and got to know them for who they are aside from what they identify as. In history class when watching gruesome videos on slavery they made me cringe and even shed a tear but that didn’t affect how I view people. Slave masters were people with a twisted a belief back then and that doesn’t make all white people the same either. I believe that all mankind are the sameShow MoreRelatedSocial Exchange Theory Essay726 Words   |  3 PagesQuinisha Williams Mrs. Garcia SP 200 A 6 November 2017 Social Exchange Theory The Social Exchange Theory was formally advanced in the late 1950s and early 1960s in the work of the sociologists George Homans (1961) and Peter Blau (1964) and the work of social psychologists John Thibaut and Harold Kelley (1959) (Social Exchange Theory). Social Exchange Theory would be classified as a psychological theory; which suggests that humans will make decisions in their relationships based on the recognizedRead MoreSocial Penetration Theory By Irwin Altman And Dalmas Taylor1787 Words   |  8 Pagespenetration theory. Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor established the social penetration theory in 1973. They created this theory to have a better understanding of intimate relationships between two people. The social penetration theory is important to the communication process because it looks at how relationships develop and how over time relationships evolve from where they stared by self-disclosure. With the social penetration theory as the main focus and with the support fro m communication studiesRead MoreA Short Note On Inter Racial Relationships And Conflict2861 Words   |  12 PagesStatement of the problem Communication scholars (Miller-Ott, Kelly, Duran, 2012; Stewart, Dainton, Goodboy, 2014; Walther, Heide, Tong, Carr, Atkin, 2010) have researched communication between couples in romantic relationships. Researchers have examined inter-racial romantic relationships (Chory-Assad Booth-Butterfield, 2001; Harris Trego, 2008; Rubenfeld Clà ©ment, 2012), relational maintenance strategies (Ayres,1983; Goodboy Bolkan, 2011), and computer mediated communication (Walther, DeandreaRead MoreThe Humanistic Theory Of Education879 Words   |  4 Pagesthey can look up therefore; it is important for the teacher to be their guide. . The Humanistic Theory is a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving (McLeod, 2007). Quality education is based on the Humanistic Theory because it is learning that is self-directed by students and students are self-evaluated. There is noRead MoreExploring Gottman Method Therapy And Cognitive Behavioral Individual Therapy1483 Words   |  6 PagesChakraborti Adler University Integration Assignment Exploring Gottman Method Couple Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Individual Therapy, there are a similarities and differences for using both theories as a counsellor working with couples and families. As a counsellor with knowledge of both theories, one can integrate and adapt case conceptualization to meet the needs of diverse clients. For this paper, I will be examining the diversity within couples and families through the lens of interculturalRead MoreStandpoint Theory Paper1075 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Standpoint Theory Paper Racism is defined as the systematic subordination of certain racial groups by those groups in power . As a society, we must first eradicate ignorance in order to defeat racism. We must acknowledge that people have different ways of viewing the world and that even though someone may have a different opinion than you, it is not necessarily wrong. The idea that people have different ways of viewing the world stems from standpoint theory. Standpoint theory is based on theRead MoreCommunication Accommodation Theory ( Cat )1715 Words   |  7 PagesUnderstanding the difference in culture and region, the panel of interviewers diverge the conversational tone to accommodate the applicant. According to Ayoko, Hà ¤rtel, and Callan (2002), â€Å"Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT) examines the attitudes, motives, and communication strategies that shape communication interaction† (p. 167). The company is attempting to further diversify the operators on this team as it understands a diverse crew is beneficial; however, the panel must ensure that the applicantRead MoreValues Debate Paper1275 Words   |  6 Pagesinterest as many legislatures and school officials notice an exponential increase in students and young Americans that exhibit poor decision-making and lack character traits essential for success in today’s society. Cheating, substance abuse, interracial intolerance, poor sportsmanship, and malicious social behavior lead the list of concerns as lawmakers mull over a solution. In any case, the need for education about values has been identified. The only question to answer now is who is responsibleRead MoreIntrinsic Benefits of Cooperative Learning Essay831 Words   |  4 Pagesgroups in the classroom, teachers are creating the opportunity for students of various ethnic groups to work together who ultimately, are striving to reach the same shared goal. Creating groups such as these indirectly teaches the student support of interracial interac tions. However for this to be effective, the teacher must assure that each student holds an equal role within the group. Cooperative learning provides the chance to create a means for interaction with students with disabilities. StudentsRead MoreMulticultural Issues in the Helping Profession Essay3828 Words   |  16 PagesMulticulturalism is described as â€Å"the practice of giving equal emphasis to the needs and contributions of all cultural groups especially traditionally underrepresented minority groups in a society† (Webster’s, 2003). In our country â€Å"it is estimated that by the year 2050, no more than 50% of the population will be of Anglo ancestry† (Cillo, 1998). It is also important to consider and recognize the number of sub-cultures that exist such as interracial couples, the disabled such as children with autism

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis of Phaedo by Plato Free Essays

Critical Analysis of â€Å"Phaedo† by Plato Much of the Phaedo by Plato is composed of arguments for the nature of the physical world and how it relates to the after life, for example, the way our senses perceive the world and how indulging in those senses has negative consequences in our after lives. These arguments find basis in scientific analysis of the time as well as the mythos of the his age. One of the key talking points within the story is the theory of forms. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Phaedo by Plato or any similar topic only for you Order Now The aforementioned theory is formed from two beliefs, the first of which is that our senses deceive us and that there’s an existential plane where perfect beings exist and the perfect ideas of the physical things in the world are there too. All of these concepts are intricately intertwined through out the story although Plato doesn’t explain all of them in great detail. That leaves one to question whether he writes them to justify his life or if perhaps he’s figured something out that we as the readers have not. Despite how questionable some of Plato’s hypotheses are there are a couple that provide an interesting perspective on our world. The theory of forms spans the entirety of the book and is the most important argument in the Phaedo. This theory is the basis for the classic cave metaphor as well as one of the most referenced beliefs through out the text. The theory of forms comes from the belief that there are two planes of existence consisting of the world we can see and that world that is â€Å"beyond† ours. Within the latter plane there are the perfect forms of all the things that we know. A â€Å"form† in the Phaedo is a perfect representation of the physical objects and ideas of our world they are also â€Å"divine, deathless, intelligible, uniform, indissoluble, always the same as itself. †[1] For example, the form of a table is the perfect idea of what a table should be while an actual table is just the imperfect physical representation of that form. According to Plato it’s not possible for us to ever build a table as strong as the form of table because our senses are flawed and they don’t allow us to perceive the world perfectly. The last point in the explanation of a form is another part to this argument. Plato makes it well known that he doesn’t believe that people should trust their senses because we are naturally prone to deceiving ourselves. Such an idea isn’t scientifically possible; but the concept really sticks when you look at it not as a[1] statement for reality but as a statement for the metaphysical. That is to say that when you apply this concept to our human world one could say that there’s something beautiful hidden in the notion that we can never achieve perfect beauty. There’s no point arguing that which isn’t plausible but there’s a lot of value in applying it to other aspects of our mortal lives. The second belief that is prevalent through out the Phaedo is the belief that our senses deceive us. The most clear example from the text of this comes from a conversation between Simmias and Socrates in which Socrates asks â€Å"What again shall we say of the actual acquirement of knowledge? — is the body, if invited to share in the inquiry, a hinderer or a helper? I mean to say, have sight and hearing any truth in them? Are they not, as the poets are always telling us, inaccurate witnesses? and yet, if even they are inaccurate and indistinc†¦ † This is belief finds scientific basis in things that occur naturally in the world. For example, a very common example for this belief is refraction in water. When this occurs one could argue that it is indisputable proof that our senses deceive us. The evidence presented in the Phaedo for this subject is not debatable. The case could be made though for the belief that we have scientific tools now that allow for us to understand our physical world quite accurately. However, the Theory of Forms spans more than just the physical concepts in our world but it also extends in to the metaphysical such as our emotions and concepts such as beauty and perfection and none of these things are capable of being accurately perceived. Perhaps, despite what Plato has said earlier about our senses deceiving us, with all the technological advances we have to better understand our world there is the possibility that we have further skewed our ability to analyze the world. All the tools scientists use in this day and age come from mathematical calculations and human senses. Plato at times conveniently talks about how the philosopher upon death is destined to live in Hades, a place where all souls go when they die. However, he also makes the claim that a philosopher doesn’t just go to Hades but he is destined to spend time among the gods understanding the forms that they live among. â€Å"he who has lived as a true philosopher has reason to be of good cheer when he is about to die, and that after death he may hope to receive the greatest good in the other world. [2] This belief has an ulterior motive, Plato spends a great deal of time arguing that indulging in your senses in any way from eating food that you love to having an intimate relationship is wrong despite the fact he had a wife and kids. He also claims that only the common man fears death because they are obsessed with these physical responses from the things in our world. Thinking real istically as opposed to idealistically there’s no reason that an individual can’t indulge in the pleasures of the world and continue to gather knowledge. Many philosophers would disagree with Plato’s analysis of the human condition. That is to say that, many philosophers look towards expanding our experience in the physical world as an optimistic and healthy endeavor. Plato’s belief that our experience in the physical world isn’t as important as the afterlife is very dangerous and limited thinking because it encourages individuals to live their life with a very small frame of reference. If Plato’s belief system was commonly accepted then we wouldn’t have the chance to understand the complexities of emotion and our relationships with other people. Nor would individuals understand the impact of drugs on their body and the life experience that comes from using those substances. As mentioned earlier, it’s extremely limited thinking and damaging to the quality of life of most individuals in society. However, despite Plato’s limited belief system I think a lot of what he said holds a lot of value in his time. It’d be hard in Plato’s era for an individual to sort through the obvious mistruths communicated within the Phaedo due to the lack of science as it relates to our biological functions. But what an individual can’t take from Plato’s Phaedo there’s a lot they can. For instance, if one can’t believe in Plato’s Theory of Forms they can still appreciate the value of knowing that if there was a perfect form of beauty that humans could never understand then at least there’s still things in this world that cause our hearts to stop for a moment in awe of their beauty whether it be a spouse, the ocean, or earth from from more than 12,000 feet in the air. Bibliography Eva, Brann, Kalkavage Peter, and Salem Eric. Plato’s Phaedo. Newburyport, MA: Focus Publishing. Roland, Jon. The Constitution, â€Å"Plato’s Phaedo. † Last modified 2012. Accessed October 30, 2012. http://www. constitution. org/pla/phaedo. htm. ——————————— [ 1 ]. . Eva, Brann, Kalkavage Peter, and Salem Eric. Plato’s Phaedo. Newburyport, MA: Focus Publishing. [ 2 ]. Roland, Jon. The Constitution, â€Å"Plato’s Phaedo. † Last modified 2012. Accessed October 30, 2012. http://www. constitution. org/pla/phaedo. htm. How to cite Analysis of Phaedo by Plato, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

The Conflict Between Great Britain and the North American free essay sample

Congress created political friction between Great Britain and the American colonies. One example of the power struggle was the arguments over taxes. The Sugar Act of 1 764, Quartering Act Of 1765, the Stamp Act Of 1 765 and the Townsend Acts of 1767 are examples of how the British tried to maintain a sense of control over the colonies. The colonists reacted very strongly against having to follow these Acts and pay fines for virtually everything. Sugar, tea, stamps, glass, paper, along with other items seemed outrageous to the American people, and it led to the argument over virtual representation.The colonists argued that while Parliament had control over the empire, making decisions that affected the colonies alone was unjust. There werent any American representatives in Parliament, therefore putting something onto the colonies (like the Acts) was unacceptable to the Americans. Taxation without Representation became the motto among colonists. Even if there had been American members of Parliament though they wouldnt have had any effect in the long run. We will write a custom essay sample on The Conflict Between Great Britain and the North American or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page England was of the mindset tattoo couldnt separate taxation and legislation. The usage of the taxes was an attempt for tooth sides at gaining power. Britain tried to use it as a controlling mechanism, and the colonies tried to use it for more freedom and to show that the powerful England could in turn be controlled. As most power struggles went between the two it only managed to make the situation worse. A group that helped prove the point that it was not merely economics that separated England from its offspring was the Committees of Correspondence. They created a political separation because they were a threat to England. They intentionally gathered and planned to try and change the way England enthroned America.The Committees of Correspondence focused on creating propaganda around issues involving Great Britain. They stirred up resistance against England and helped encourage the population to turn on their mother country. They had multiple groups in the nation, one main organization per state, and the groups exchanged ideas with each other. Not only did it create separation and tension between Britain and the colonies by making propaganda, but it was a way for the very separate and independent- feeling states to work together and form an alliance just strong enough to go p against England in the upcoming years during the revolution.Another event that shows that the separation was more than economic, was the Continental Congress of 1774. This was not aimed towards a total rebellion and revolution, but towards an attempt to seal the cracks that had begun to spread between England and the American colonies. This group of twelve of the thirteen colonies wanted to make a point and get the taxation laws repealed at the same time. They created The Association document, which called for a complete boycott of British goods in the colonies.Those who resisted the Association were tarred and feathered. They also made a Declaration of Rights among other dignified papers, as an attempt to regain some of the peace they had before the taxation Acts began to spring up. The fact that differences and frictions between the individual colonies were pushed aside to formally appeal to England proves that they were serious about what they wanted and that they werent going to let the ruling power get in their way. They didnt originally want to separate from England, they wanted to be understood and listened to. Fortunately, their requests were rejected, and once again the tension rose. The friction of politics had once again added distance to the already large gap. England and its North American colonies didnt get along when it came to the Acts, Committees of Correspondence, and the Continental Congress. While some were indeed about economics, the fact that both nations had political groups and different ideas on what was fair played a very important role in the revolution. Politics are the very reason that Americans are not Britons today.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

The eNotes Blog 31 Metaphor Activities for YourClassroom

31 Metaphor Activities for YourClassroom Metaphor is arguably the most ubiquitous and layered of literary devices. Expressing images, emotions, actions, experiences, and nuances through direct and indirect comparisons, metaphors enrich a text and reveal the deeper significance of what is being described. However, practicing this in the classroom can be a challenge. Which texts should you work with? Which examples best show the writers use of metaphor? At , were committed to providing you with quality classroom activities to help you and your students expand your appreciation of literary texts. Thats why were now offering metaphor activities, in addition to our lesson plans, as part of our Teacher Subscription. Each activity gives your students opportunities to examine and analyze metaphors from specific texts. We provide examples of metaphors from each play, poem, or short story for your students to examine and analyze. (And we also include an answer key!) Well continue to create more in the future, but for now, enjoy these 31 metaphor activities to use in your classroom. 1. Anthem for Doomed Youth by Wilfred Owen In â€Å"Anthem for Doomed Youth,† Wilfred Owens descriptive imagery and evocative metaphors praise soldiers’ sacrifices and condemn the destructive nature of war. Owen conveys his themes through metaphorical language. 2. Araby by James Joyce James Joyces â€Å"Araby† employs a rich array of metaphors to convey the young protagonists evolving experiences of delight, desire, and disenchantment as he resolves to go to the market at Araby to find a gift for a girl he fancies. 3. A Valediction: Forbidding Morning by John Donne John Donne wrote this poem for his wife, Anne, shortly before leaving the country. Donne describes their unflagging marital bond with elaborate metaphors of death, astronomy, alchemy, gilding, and the sweeping movements of a drafting compass. 4. Bartleby, the Scrivener by Herman Melville One of Herman Melvilles best-known works, â€Å"Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street† follows the tale of an enigmatic copyist named Bartleby, drawing on an eclectic range of metaphors to render this surreal Wall Street parable. 5. Because I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickinson â€Å"Because I Could Not Stop for Death† is one of Emily Dickinson’s signature poems. Dickinson uses unforgettable metaphors to approach her weighty subject matter- the speakers carriage ride with Death- with style and subtlety. 6. Bright Star! by John Keats Throughout John Keatss sonnet â€Å"Bright Star!,† the speaker uses metaphors to engage his environment, activating the stars, sea, and snow as actors in his interior drama as he expresses his desire to be as unchanging and eternal as the north star. 7. Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold Matthew Arnold penned â€Å"Dover Beach† while on honeymoon with his wife, and, indeed, the speaker of the poem addresses his â€Å"love† as he looks out over the shores of Dover, employing a range of metaphorical language to portray his vision of a desolate, unimaginable future. 8. Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard by Thomas Gray Arguably the finest elegy in English literature, Thomas Gray’s â€Å"Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard† uses metaphor to describe the setting, to contrast the lives of the poor with those of the rich and powerful, and to depict death as a shared experience. 9. Goblin Market by Christina Rossetti At first glance, Christina Rossetti’s poem â€Å"Goblin Market† takes the form of a cautionary tale for children. However, Rossetti’s use of metaphorical language intimates deeper meanings to be gleaned from this fairy-tale parable about a walk in the woods that takes an uncanny turn. 10. Macbeth (Act I, Scene III) by William Shakespeare In act I, scene III of Shakespeares Macbeth, Banquo and Macbeth hear the witches prophecy and are left to discuss what happened after the witches depart, using a wide range of metaphors to make sense of the prophecies and the revelation that Macbeth is now the Thane of Cawdor. 11. Miss Brill by Katherine Mansfield Katherine Mansfield’s short story â€Å"Miss Brill† unfolds as a stream of Miss Brill’s consciousness, employing metaphors that offer insight into her character and hint at just how deeply she longs for a connection to those around her. 12. Ode on a Grecian Urn by John Keats In John Keatss â€Å"Ode on a Grecian Urn,† the speaker studies the figures and scenes painted along the sides of an ancient Greek urn. The richness and subtlety of Keats’s metaphors convey a connection to what is truly timeless in human life. 13. Ode on Melancholy by John Keats John Keats describes the relationship between sadness and joy in â€Å"Ode on Melancholy.† Keats’s metaphors express how melancholy leads to experiences of both joy and beauty, suggesting the necessary role of sorrow in life. 14. Ode to a Nightingale by John Keats â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† follows the thoughts of Keatss speaker as he struggles with the burden of mortality, seeking strategies to cope with it- oblivion, revelry, poetic bliss- through rich, often allusive metaphors that convey his flights of imagination and storms of emotion. 15. Patterns by Amy Lowell From the first stanza, Amy Lowell’s â€Å"Patterns† follows a conceit- her restrictive dress and the stifling social conventions of her milieu confine her life to a specific pattern- and employs descriptive metaphors to expound upon her narrator’s emotions. 16. Sonnet 60 by William Shakespeare Shakespeare’s best-known poems are his 154 sonnets, the majority of which focus on the speaker’s love for a young man. Against this backdrop, the speaker in Sonnet 60 develops vivid metaphors to confront the destructive and intractable force of time. 17. Spring by Edna St. Vincent Millay Edna St. Vincent Millay’s 1921 poem â€Å"Spring† turns the typical pastoral poem on end with its unsentimental attitude, conveying its themes and dark humor through memorable metaphors such as â€Å"April / Comes like an idiot, babbling and strewing flowers.† 18. Spring-Watching Pavilion by Ho Xuan Huong In â€Å"Spring-Watching Pavilion,† Ho Xuan Huong takes up one of her essential themes: the critique of organized religion. Huong uses vivid metaphors to convey the ubiquity and futility of religions, whose wave-like bells render â€Å"heaven upside-down in sad puddles.† 19. Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving Washington Irvings â€Å"Rip Van Winkle† follows the titular Rip as he wanders off into the woods, falls into a deep sleep, and awakens twenty years later. Irving brings his full facility for metaphor to enrich his descriptions of the landscapes and the lively people who inhabit them. 20. The Darkling Thrush by Thomas Hardy Thomas Hardy’s â€Å"The Darkling Thrush† is a poem about historical change, and the speaker uses metaphors to imbue the scenery with deeper historical and cultural implications as he stares out at a barren winter landscape. 21. The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe Poe’s â€Å"The Fall of the House of Usher† is built on metaphors, particularly that of the â€Å"House of Usher,† which refers to the house itself and to the family therein. As the narrator observes, the Ushers’ descent into madness mirrors the decay and collapse of the estate around them. 22. The Fish by Marianne Moore Moore’s â€Å"The Fish† employs startling images, rich metaphors, and original verse forms to draw unexpected connections and push our imaginations into fresh territory. The speaker inspects a tidal scene, studying the marine life and the surf with a curiosity tinged with melancholy. 23. The Garden Party by Katherine Mansfield Katherine Mansfield brings subtle layers of metaphor and nuance into all of her work, and â€Å"The Garden Party† is characteristically imbued with well-crafted metaphors that display Mansfield’s breadth of knowledge and sharpness of eye. 24. The Lady with the Pet Dog by Anton Chekhov Chekhov’s short story â€Å"The Lady with the Pet Dog† is a love story about two unhappily married people who find one another while on vacation in Yalta. After Anna leaves, Gurov can’t keep her out of his mind, employing metaphors to express his feelings about the affair and his love for Anna. 25. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock by T. S. Eliot T. S. Eliot’s poem â€Å"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock† uses metaphors to transform the streets of London into an unsettling dreamscape where evening is an â€Å"etherised patient† and fog is a prowling yellow cat. 26. The Lucy Poems by William Wordsworth Wordsworth’s five Lucy poems focus on the speaker’s love for a beautiful young English woman and employ numerous elements of Romanticism, including expressive metaphors that emphasize Lucy’s beauty, the beauty of nature, and the presence of death. 27. The Maldive Shark by Herman Melville Herman Melville’s humorous poem teases and satirizes a shark, using metaphor to bring an imaginative and sardonic voice to the speakers critique of the shark’s monstrous appearance, laziness, and lack of intelligence. 28. The Moon by Percy Bysshe Shelley Percy Bysshe Shelley’s â€Å"The Moon† is a lyrical description of the rising moon that uses metaphor to convey the moon’s dissatisfaction and restlessness as it roams the heavens, ultimately failing to acquire a distinct identity or end its searching. 29. The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant â€Å"The Necklace† by Guy de Maupassant depicts the life of a charming young woman who dreams of luxuries beyond her means. Maupassant laces the short story with metaphors that bring the characters- their desires, misunderstandings, and struggles- to life. 30. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge In â€Å"The Rime of the Ancient Mariner,† Samuel Taylor Coleridge weaves a fantastic tale that features a series of dramatic events, many of them eerie and supernatural. Coleridge’s poem employs striking imagery and metaphor to depict the events that forever change the mariner’s life. 31. The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe â€Å"The Tell-Tale Heart† features many of the Poes signature elements- a gothic setting, a deranged narrator, and a suspenseful plot- to create a sense of horror. As the narrators hallucinations take hold, Poe’s use of metaphor emphasizes the narrator’s insanity and the uncanny atmosphere in which the plot unfolds.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

What Is the Endoplasmic Reticulum What Does It Do

What Is the Endoplasmic Reticulum What Does It Do SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips If you’re getting ready for the AP Biology exam, then you’re probably spending quite a bit of time studying cell structure. But keeping all the structures straight and understanding each one’s function can be confusing! That’s why we’re breaking down cell structures for you, starting with the endoplasmic reticulum, or ER. In this article, we’ll teach you everything you need to know about the endoplasmic reticulum, including how it functions in a cell. We’ll even break down the differences between the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the smooth endoplasmic reticulum! Ready? Then let’s get started! A Quick Introduction to Cell Structure The endoplasmic reticulum is an essential part of a cell. In your biology class, you probably learned that cells are the building blocks of all life...including humans! Obviously, that makes cells super important, which is why it’s also important to understand how they function. Because plants and animals are complex creatures, the structure of a cell is complex, too. Each cell is made up of many individual parts, each of which has a job within the cell itself! Some help keep everything in one place (like the cell membrane), some produce energy to power the cell (the mitochondria), and there are even parts that help keep the cell clean (lysosomes)! These different structures found within cells are called organelles. The endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that can be found in both eukaryotic (animal) and prokaryotic (plant) cells. Just keep in mind that not all cells have endoplasmic reticulum! For example, red blood cells don’t have endoplasmic reticuli, even though they’re an important part of animal biology! Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition The endoplasmic reticulum is defined as an organelle that is made up of a series of phospholipid membranes. In fact, the membranes that make up the endoplasmic reticulum can account for half of a cell’s total membrane structure in animal cells! These membranes are called cisternae, are shaped like tubes or sacs, and are continuous with the outer membrane of the cell’s nucleus. That’s a fancy way of saying that the endoplasmic reticulum is attached to the nucleus itself. Endoplasmic Reticulum Function Now let’s talk a little bit more about how an endoplasmic reticulum functions. In general, the endoplasmic reticulum helps with the synthesis, folding, modification, and transport of proteins and lipids. The endoplasmic reticulum does this through ribosomes that are attached to its membrane walls. (We’ll talk more about how this works a little later). The endoplasmic reticulum also stores calcium and releases it when the cell needs it. In fact, many of the proteins and lipids made by the endoplasmic reticulum are used by other organelles in the cell. One of the best ways to understand- and remember!- what the endoplasmic reticulum does is to think of it like a factory. In a manufacturing plant, people take raw materials and make it into something new and usable, which they then ship to other stores, manufacturers, and suppliers around the world. Just like a real-world factory, the endoplasmic reticulum builds the â€Å"products† a cell needs to function, then â€Å"ships† them to where they need to go, when they need to go there. CFCF/WikimediaCommons Endoplasmic Reticulum Appearance So what does the endoplasmic reticulum look like, exactly? Well, do you remember the mazes that you could find in coloring books when you were a kid? The endoplasmic reticulum looks a lot like that! The cisternae stretch out and away from the cell nucleus in a series of folds and tubes, and they extend throughout the cell almost like a highway system. So when you’re looking at a cell diagram, look for the maze-like structure that’s attached to the cell nucleus. That’s the endoplasmic reticulum! You might notice that cell diagrams often picture some areas of the endoplasmic reticulum with bumps, while other sections look smooth. That’s because endoplasmic reticulum is actually comprised of two pieces: the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Knowing how these different areas work is important to understanding the function of the endoplasmic reticulum as a whole. CFCF/Wikimedia Commons Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum The rough endoplasmic reticulum, or RER, gets its name from the ribosomes embedded in its surface...which make it look rough! The rough endoplasmic reticulum is situated closest to the nucleus- in fact, it’s attached to the nuclear envelope- so that molecules can move directly between the membranes. The ribosomes that are attached to the walls of the rough endoplasmic reticulum function just like free ribosomes would. That means that they synthesize proteins, which provide the energy needed for a cell to operate. The process of creating proteins is called translation. One the ribosomes have synthesized a protein, they are â€Å"labeled† with a specific final destination. Some proteins are sent to the Golgi apparatus, while others are secreted into the cell exterior or kept within the membrane of the rough endoplasmic reticulum itself. There are certain proteins that are sent into the space within the rough endoplasmic reticulum. This space, which is also called the lumen, is where certain proteins are folded, modified, and assembled. Some of these proteins will have sugar groups added to them to form glycoproteins. Likewise, some of these new proteins will be transported out of the endoplasmic reticulum, while others will stay inside the endoplasmic reticulum to perform functions there. The lumen is also where the endoplasmic reticulum does its â€Å"quality control.† When misfolded or otherwise incorrect proteins accumulate in the lumen, the unfolded protein response (or UPR) is triggered. This tells the cell to reduce the amount of protein its producing while enhancing the endoplasmic reticulum’s protein-folding ability. If the problem doesn’t correct itself, it triggers apoptosis, or programmed cell death. One super cool note: the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum aren’t permanently attached to the membrane itself. That means that new ribosomes can detach and attach depending on the proteins the cell needs! CFCF/Wikimedia Commons Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Unlike the rough endoplasmic reticulum, the smooth endoplasmic reticulum doesn’t have any ribosomes attached to it. That makes it look smooth- which is how it gets its name! The smooth endoplasmic reticulum’s function is almost exclusively to make lipids, like phospholipids and cholesterol. How these lipids are used depends on the cell type. Lipids can be used to create new cell membranes, create hormones, and store energy. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum also helps detoxify the cell by converting toxic organic chemicals into safer, water soluble products. Fun fact: when there are lots of toxins present, the smooth endoplasmic reticulum can double its surface area to help clear them out. It will then return to normal size after the toxins have been removed. Liver cells have large amounts of smooth endoplasmic reticulum for this very purpose! Finally, there’s a type of specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum called the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The sarcoplasmic reticulum is found in muscle cells and is used to store calcium ions that muscles need to function. When muscles experience sustained activity, the sarcoplasmic reticulum can release the stored calcium ions to help the muscles function. Additional Resources If you’ve read through this guide and still would like to know more about how the endoplasmic reticulum works, here are a few other resources that you can check out. Khan Academy Khan Academy has tons of free resources on all sorts of topics including cell structure. Their video on the endoplasmic reticulum is really helpful, and they have articles about it on their website, too. The British Society for Cell Biology The British Society for Cell Biology is a British non-profit organization dedicated to advancing cell biology research, which includes sharing knowledge and information. One of the ways they do this is through educational material, which they share on their website. Their softCell e-Learning portal has tons of good information about all the organelles of a cell, including the endoplasmic reticulum. CrashCourse Who said studying has to be boring? The CrashCourse channel on YouTube- hosted by none other than John and Hank Green of VlogBrothers fame- is all about creating fun and informational educational content. Hank’s series on animal cells is a great resource, and the fourth video in the series (Eukaryopolis!) gives you an overview of the endoplasmic reticulum. What’s Next? Need to brush up on more than just the endoplasmic reticulum before tackling the AP Biology exam? Grabbing a workbook or textbook might be your best bet. Here’s a curated list of the best AP Biology books to help you study harder and smarter. If you’re feeling overwhelmed by the AP Biology exam, you’re not alone. There are lots of students who find this test tricky! That’s why we’ve put together a complete AP Biology review guide. It breaks down all of the topics that might appear on the exam, so you can figure out exactly what you need to study. (It also includes some great study tips, too!) The best way to figure out if you’re prepared for the AP Biology test is to take a practice exam. Here’s a list of every AP Biology practice test available. And the best news? They’re free!

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Environmental Science Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Environmental Science - Essay Example Understandably, there was an angry response from the Indian intelligentsia, some of them calling Bush an imperialist, while many others blamed America for being the cause of the food crisis by its diversion of grains for manufacturing biofuels. The burgeoning population of the less developed countries like India and China has always been a favorite butt for some scientists and politicians to blame for all the ills of the world from climate change to the food crisis. They quote the Malthusian catastrophe, but according to Paul and Anne Ehrlich, all the developed, rich nations can be called overpopulated because they are using up the resources of the planet rapidly. (Ehrlich & Ehrlich 1990). The poorer societies make do with much less. The consumer oriented life style of the developed nations , with their hunger for more and more energy is responsible for the depletion of resources and the environmental degradation of the planet. Rainforests of the Amazon basin are being destroyed to produce ethanol, to fuel the energy hungry West. Michael Grunwald in his article "The Clean Energy Scam" , published in the Time magazine says, "Brazil now ranks fourth in the world in carbon emissions, and most of its emissions come from defore station". The invaluable rainforests, with their enormous biodiversity.